At its simplest, blockchain is a decentralized digital ledger that records transactions across a network of computers. Each block in the blockchain contains a cryptographic hash of the previous block, a timestamp, and transaction data. Once a block is added to the blockchain, it cannot be altered or deleted, making it a secure and transparent record of all transactions.
Smart farming systems have enabled farmers to optimize their crops' growth and improve their yields using technology. However, the use of technology in agriculture has led to new challenges
This paper has highlighted the potential of blockchain technology in promoting sustainable agriculture by enhancing traceability, efficiency, and trust in the food supply chain. It has also discussed the challenges and opportunities of blockchain in sustainable agriculture, including technical complexity, regulatory uncertainty, and social barriers.
Smart agriculture, the use of advanced technologies to improve farming practices, has the potential to revolutionize the agriculture industry. One of the critical challenges faced by the industry is ensuring the traceability and quality control of agricultural products